New Tools for Music Learning at the Indiana University Digital Music Library
 Etudier la musique à la bibliothèque musicale numérique de l’université d’Indiana
Eric Isaacson
Associate Professor of Music Theory, Indiana University
Cité de la musique, 18 octobre 2002

About Indiana University
36,000 students
In Bloomington (population 80,000)
80 km south of Indianapolis
350 km south/south-east of Chicago
School of Music has 1600 students (one of largest in U.S.)
Well-known (present, former) faculty include Virginia Zeani, Menahem Pressler, Janos Starker, Josef Gingold, Franco Gulli, Paul Hillier, Susann McDonald, Eugene Rouseau

The Old Music Library at Indiana University

The New Library (1 January 1996)

Music Library Data
Books/Journals: 83,140
Scores: 100,620
Sound recordings: 134,640
Videos: 1,956
Microforms: 17,953
Performance parts: 222,377
Miscellaneous: 123
Total volumes: 560,809

First used April 1, 1996
Used mostly for audio
Delivered at near-CD
quality to 65 library
computers and music classrooms
More than 7000 hours of audio available
200 scanned scores also available
Total capacity of 8 TB (36,000 hours of compressed audio)

How is VARITIONS used?
Classroom teaching
Required listening in courses
Music theory
Music history (graduate and undergraduate)
Music literature (symphonic, opera, vocal, organ, piano, string)
Students learning new pieces
Other library users

VARIATIONS Limitations
Poor search interface

VARIATIONS Limitations
Score quality limited
No synchronization between scores and audio
Available only in Indiana University music buildings
Use is passive: no support for interactivity

Variations2: Digital Music Library
Development funded from 2000-2004 by National Science Foundation
Will be tested at
2 Indiana University campuses
3 U.S. universities
3 U.K. universities
1 Japanese university

Research Participants
System design
Music instruction
User interface design
Intellectual property (copyright)
User groups:
Students (local and remote)
Music librarians
General public

Variations2 Project Goals
Establish a digital music library testbed system
Integrate and synchronize digital representations of music in multiple formats
audio, video, score images, score notation
Develop multiple interfaces for specific user applications
music library, instruction
Conduct research
metadata, usability, copyright, and networking

Important features of Variations2
Centered on “work,” not specific recording or score
Music in multiple formats
Audio, video, score images, scores in symbolic form
Synchronization between formats
Tools for learning

Work-Centered Design

Variations2: Version 1
Search interface
Audio player
Score viewer

Variations2 and Music Learning
 Multimedia Music Theory Teaching (MMTT) Project
Integration and synchronization of
Digital audio (and video)
Scanned scores
Encoded scores, notation editing
Timeline tool
Music analysis symbols (roman numerals, form labels, cadence types, etc.)
Drawing tools, text (for score annotation)
Question objects

Multimedia Music Theory Teaching (MMTT) Project
Will provide an authoring environment for creating lessons for
Face-to-face teaching
Library assignments, tests
to encourage students to be active, not passive, listeners
to enhance students’ aural and intellectual interaction with music

Lesson 1
Lesson 2
Lesson 3

Variations2: Status
Version 1 (complete)
search, audio player, score viewer, simple bookmark capabilities
Version 2
integrated player/viewer, synchronized display/playback, timeliner
Later versions
notation viewer/editor, other MMTT components

Grant Information
This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. 9909068.
Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.

Further Information